Enver Pasha was born in Apana in 1881. Commissioned in the Turkish Army and received some of his training with the German Army. While serving in the Salonika garrison he developed ideas on how the Ottoman Empire could be modernized. In 1908 Pasha was one of the three main leaders of the Young Turks that rebelled against the rule of Sultan Abdul Hamid. Pasha considered forming a military alliance with Britain but after a meeting with Winston Churchill in 1910 he decided to see the military support of the German Army. By 1914 Turkey had clearly aligned itself with the Central Powers. On the outbreak of the First World War Pasha became Minister of War and assumed field command for the Turkish campaign against the Russians in Caucasia. When Turkey was defeated in 1918 Pasha fled to Turkestan. Enver Pasha was killed in 1922 while leading an anti-Bolshevik revolt in Turkestan. http://www.geocities.com/enver1908/index.html#part9 Enver Pasha had married a princess of the House of Osman. In this case, the princess Emine Naciye Sultana. She was the daughter of Prince Shehzade Suleiman Effendi (died in 1909) and his fourth wife, Ayshe Tarzandar Kadin Effendi, who died in 1958. Prince Suleiman, in turn, was a son of Sultan Abd-ul Mejid I, and therefore Prince Suleiman's uncles were the Sultans Abd-ul Hamid II, Mohammed V, and Mohammed VI, as well as the last Caliph ul-Islam, Abd-ul Mejid II . By this union with the extensive and elaborate family of the Sultans, Enver had a son, named Ali. Ali was still a baby when Enver went to Turkestan to fight the bolsheviks. After 1923, young Ali was exiled with his mother, sisters and all the members of the House of Osman. After the death of Kemal Atatürk in 1937, Osmali royals were permitted to return to their homeland. They settled with other relatives in "exile" from the palaces, but still lived in Istanbul. Ali chose the surname "Enver" in honour of his father to comply with the law passed by the Republic that required surnames. Later, Ali Enver joined the British Royal Air Force and eventually rose to the rank of captain, flying combat missions during WWII. In time, he quit the armed forces and began to work in the public sector. While he was doing an internship in London, the then Turkish Ambassador to the U.K., Rauf Orbay introduced him to Winston Churchill. The famous former Prime Minister and First Lord of the Royal Navy received him well and said, jokingly, "Your father caused my political career to go back for 20 years!"