Let's see now. I am fairly old, and my eyes are definitely not what they used to be, but I believe the topic had something to do with the Civil War and slavery. I do not have a PHD on the matter, but I had met and talked with a few folks, when I was younger, who were actually part of the situation. The question was in regard to race bias in the north and south as a comparative study. Please understand the territories we're talking about. The United States proper did not include much of the south, or mid-west for that matter until after 1803. Before the Louisiana purchase a lot of the south belonged to France. Even after the purchase those territories still held onto foreign thought. Those areas that were outside of the purchase like Virginia and the Carolinas were major shipping ports and ag states. Long and short of it. The north (eastern predominately) had the mills, factories and the over seas markets along with major ports also. Workers from all over the world were flooding into a new and free industrial area. The north had the money and the manpower to do whatever was needed. Please note: the Chinese and Irish were treated very much like "slaves" in this new world. I digress. The south was almost pure ag with plenty of cotton and sugar cane but money was pretty slim because the north bought up these products but paid nearly nothing for them. Here is where the slavery market came in. Slaves were bought (and stolen in some cases) by slave traders who sold them at nearly every port on the eastern sea board including S. Louisiana, and sold to ag folks who needed the free labor. Slave traders are still doing their work in the mineral and ag areas of Africa. The slaves, people with dark skin, strange languages, superstitions, and definitely not Christian were indeed thought to be less than human, by both the sellers and buyers. The north and south were equal when it comes to the bias. The ag areas, both north and particularly the south including the areas of the La. Purchase had some form of slavery and was not totally dedicated to just the black race but included all " other than Caucasian" races. The Caucasians had another form of enslaved workers called indentured servants, which were generally, Caucasians. While the north did have more people who wanted to abolish slavery and states that did not permit slavery it was still the law, in most of those areas, that escaped slaves had to be returned to their rightful owner. Racial bias and slavery has existed in this world from the times of when one tribe of cavemen took over another tribe. Slavery has been abolished in the U.S. but the bias toward another persons skin color, white,black,indigo or green has made the pre civil war style seem almost civil compared to today. At least it was pretty much based on finance then. What's the excuse today?